Aap: Water element.
Abhyanga: oil masssage.
Acne: An inflammatory eruption occurring usually on the face and neck.
Agni: digestive fire, synonymous with properly balanced cell metabolism in Western medicine.
Ajna chakra: Centre of command,the" third eye".
Akasha: Ether or space.
Alambusha nadi: Yogic nadi, channel.
Alochaka pitta: Form of pitta governing vision.
Ama: residual impurities deposited in the cells as the result of improper digestion. Also mental ama, impure or negative thoughts and moods.
Anaemia: A below-normal level in the number of red blood cells.
Analgesic: A substance that relieves pain.
Annamaya kosha: Physical or gross body.
Apana vayu: Downward moving vayu.
Arishta: Symptom suggestive of death.
Aromatic: Taste which stimulates the gastrointestinal tract.
Artava: Menstrual Blood.
Artavaha srotas : Menstrual channels.
Arthritis: An inflammatory condition of the joints.
Asana: Posture, third stage of yoga.
Ascites: An excessive accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Ashvini mudra: Yogic practise of contracting anal sphinctor muscles.
Asthidhara kala: Special membrane for bone.
Asthma: A respiratory disorder in which there is breathlessness wheezing and cough (dry or with mucus expectoration).
Atrophy: A wasting or diminution of size or physiological activity of a part of the body.
Attributes: The inherent qualities or properties of a substance.
Avalambaka Kapha: Form of Kapha in chest.
Avasthapaka: Primary phase of digestion.
Basti : enema
Betel leaf: A leaf eaten after a meal to assist digestion
Bhajani: A mixture of roasted cereals
Bhajiyas: Fried items of onion and other vegetables
Bharta: A mashed preparation (of aubergines)
Bhasma: Residue after incineration
Bhutagni : digestive fire governing element.
Bile: A bitter fluid secreted by the liver which flows into the small intestine, which is stored in the gallbladder. It helps to metabolize fat
Chandan: Sandalwood (Santalum album)
Chapati: A type of Indian bread
Charak: Great Ayurvedic profounder who has written one of the classic Ayurvedic text Charak Samhita.
Charaka samhita: One of the oldest Ayurvedic text
Cholesterol: A fatty substance in crystalized form found in all animal fats, oils, milk, egg yolks, bile, blood, brain tissue, liver, kidney and adrenal glands.
Churna: Powder of medicine
Chyavanprash: A formualtion based on honey, amla and other 45 ingredients.
Colitis: A chronic disease characterized by the inflamation of colon
Compress: A pad of folded linen applied so as to create pressure upon exterior parts of the body
Conjunctivitis: A painful and infectious illness in the eyes which makes them red and makes the eyelids swollen and sticky
Cosmic energy: The all-pervading energy in the universe
Dermatitis: An inflammatory condition of the skin. characterized by redness. pain and itching
Dhatu: one of the body's seven basic constituents
Diabetes: A clinical condition characterized by the excessive secretion of urine and increased blood-sugar level
Dinacharya: daily routine
Diuretic: A substance that increases the secretion of urine
Dosha: three basic metabolic principles connecting the mind and body and biological humour.
Dosha vaishmya: pathological condition of dosha
Drava: type of attribute liquid
Eczema: Acute or chronic skin inflammation
Emetic: Medicine that produces vomiting
Expectorant: A substance that promotes the ejection of mucus.
Flora: Healthful bacteria which are present in various parts of the body, list of plants of a particular place
Fomentation: Treatment by warm and moist application to skin
Gati : quality of the pulse
Gonorrhoea: A common venereal disease most often affecting the genitourinary tract
Gout: Metabolic disease marked by acute arthritis and inflammation of the joints
Grahani : Chronic diarrhoea, malabsorption syndrome in the small intestine
Gulma : Any tumor, lump or diverticulosis
Guna: fundamental natural quality (e.g., dry, moist, hot, cold, etc.). Also applied to sattva, rajas, and tamas, the "three gunas"
Guru: type of attribute, heavy, spiritual teacher, Grishma, Summer, Teacher
Halasana : Plough posture
Hath Yoga : Yoga of physical postures
Hemant: Early winter
Hemoptysis: Coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract
Hemostatic: A substance that checks the flow of blood
Hima : Type of attribute, cold
Hrid roga : Heart disease
Hives: Eruptions of very itchy skin caused by an allergic substance
Jala neti : Yogic cleansing of nasal passages by water
Japa : Repetation of mantras
Jatharagni : Digestive fire, responsible for the digestion and transformation of food material
Jaundice : A condition characterized by yellowness of the skin and elevated level of bilirubin
Kapalabhati: Kriya and pranayama that cleanses respiratory tract
Kapha:the dosha responsible for bodily structure
Kathina: Type of attribute, hard
Katu: Pungent or spicy
Khara: Type of attribute, rough to touch
Kleda: Subtle waste product
Kledaka kapha: form of kapha governing digestion
Kuhu: Nadi in yoga
Kundalini: Potential energy lying dormant at the base of the spine.
Kurma: Type of vata in yoga
Laghu: type of attribute, light
Langhana: fasting, reducing therapy
Leucoderma: Localized loss of skin pigment
Leucorrhea: A condition that causes a whitish, viscid discharge from the vagina and uterine cavity
Lohita: second layer of skin
Lymphadenitis: Inflammatory condition of the lymph nodes
Macrocosm: The universe itself; a system regarded as an entity containing subsystems
Madhyama marga: Middle pathway, (deep tissue)
Mahabhuta: Basic five elements (space, air, fire, water and earth)
Mahamarma: One of the three major marma
Majja: Nerve tissue and bone marrow
Mala: Metabolic end-products
Malabsorption syndrome: A condition in which there is no proper digestion, absorption and assimilation of food in the gastro intestinal tract
Mamsadhatu: Muscle tissue
Manda: Type of attribute, slow pachaka pitta, form of pitt chakra
Mandagni: Diminished digestive capacity
Manomaya kosha: Mental sheath
Mantra: Sacred sounds
Manusmriti: Compendia, Marga -pathway or tract
Marga: Path or tract
Marma: A junction point between consciousness and matter or weak Vital points.
Matsyendrasana: Yoga posture with spinal twist
Mayurasana: Yoga posture like peacock
Meda: Fat tissue
Microcosm: A diminutive representative world; a system more or less analogous to a much larger system
Moong: A type of pulse
Mridu: Type of attribute, soft
Muladhara chakra: First chakra
Mutravaha srotas: Urinary system
Nadi pariksha: Pulse examination
Nadi vigyana: Pulse diagnosis
Nag: Type of vata in yoga
Nasya: Nasal administration of therapy
Nauli: Action like pitching of boat in stormy sea
Nauli chalana: A process in which the abdominal muscles are made to move vertically and laterally in surging motion
Nidana: Etiological factor or diagnosis of disease
Nidana panchaka: Five ways to diagnose a disease
Nirama: Without ama or toxic substance
Ojas: The purest expression of metabolism; the final end product of correct digestion and assimilation of food
Om : Seed mantra
Palpation: The act of feeling with the hand; the application of the fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body for the purpose of determining the consistancy of the parts beneath
Panchakrama: The five cleansing (purification) methods to get rid of excess Doshas.
Papad: Made from dried lentils; eaten fried or roasted
Parkinsonism: A neurologic disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slow movements
Parpati: medicinal preperation of sulphur and mercury
Paschimotanasana: head to knee yoga posture
Pavanamuktasana: knee to chest yoga posture
Percussion: The act of striking a bodily part with short, sharp blows as a diagnostic aid that reveals the condition of that area of the body
Peristalsis: Rhythmic contraction of smooth muscle that forces food through the digestive tract
Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the throat
Physiognomy: The study of facial features
Pichila: type of attribute, slimy
Pingala: carries solar energy, right nostril
Pippali: herb / Piper longum
Pitta: the dosha responsible for metabolism (closely identified with agni, the body's vital heat)
Poorvakarma: Procedures done prior
Poultice: A soft moist substance applied hot to the surface of the body for the purpose of supplying heat and moisture
Pradhana: main, prominent
Pragya aparadh: the "mistake of the intellect" (i.e., identifying with the part and losing the whole)
Prajny aparadh: volitional transgression
Prakriti: primal nature, natural state, constitution
Prakriti-nature: referring either to one's individual nature (body type) or to Nature as a whole
Prana: It is vital energy (life-energy) which activates the body and mind. Prana is responsible for the higher cerebral functions, the motor and sensory activities. The prana located in the head is the vital prana, while prana which is present in the cosmic air is nutrient prana. There is a constant exchange of energy between vital prana and nutrient prana through respiration. During inspiration, the nutrient prana enters the system and nourishes the vital prana. During expiration, subtle waste products are expelled.
Pranavaha srotas: respiratory system
Pranayama : respiratory exercise, also called "balanced breathing"
Prapaka: primary stage of digestion
Prashama: alliviation of dosha
Prithvi: element earth
Psoriasis: A disease in which areas of skin turn red and are covered with small dry pieces of skin
Psychosomatic: Pertaining to the mind-body relationship: an illness caused by anxiety and worry
Ptosis: An abnormal condition of one or both upper eyelids in which the eyelid droops.
Purisha: stool, faeces
Purvarupa: predormal symptoms
Rajas: the intermediate principle of energy among the three qualities of nature
Rajasic: having the nature of Rajas (Kings)
Raktamokshana: blood-letting (type of panchakarma)
Raktavaha srotas: circulatory system
Ranjaka pitta: form of pitta colouring the blood
Rasa: plasma, taste
Rasayana: Traditional Ayurvedic herbal or mineral preparation for longivity and rejuvenation
Rheumatism: Any of a large number of inflammatory conditions of the joints, ligaments or muscles, characterised by pain or limitation of movement
Rhinitis: Inflammation of the mucus membrane of the nose
Rigveda: type of veda
Ritucharya: seasonal behaviour
Ruksha: type of attribute, dry
Sadhaka pitta: type of pitta governing the brain
Sama: with ama or toxins
Samadhi: A state of equilibrium; supreme joy and bliss
Samana vata: equalising form of five vata types
Sammurchana: amalgamation between viliated dosha and dushya
Samsarga: duel vitiation of dosha.
Sandra: type of attribute, dense
Sattva: the higher principle of harmony of three qualities of nature or trigunas
Scabies: A contagious skin disease characterized by itching and peeling of the skin
Sciatica: Inflammation of the sciatic nerve characterized by lower back pain which radiates down the leg
Shakha: four limbs
Shakha marga: external disease tract
Shita: type of attribute, cold
Shlakshna: type of attribute, smooth
Shleshaka: form of kapha
Shleshaka: form of kapha lubricating joints
Shodhana: purification, detoxification
Shukra: reproductive tissue
Shukradhara kala: special membrane for reproductive system
Sira: blood vessel
Snehana: oleation therapy
Soma: bliss of pleasure, principle at work behind the mind and senses
Spondylosis: A condition of the spine characterized by fixation or stiffness of a vertebral joint
Sthana saushraya: localisation, stage of pathogenesis
Sthira: type of attribute, stable
Sthoola: type of attribute, gross
Sukshma: type of attribute, subtle
Surya Namaskara: the "sun salute,"
Sushruta: author of Sushruta Samhita, ancient Ayurvedic surgeon
Swedavaha srotas: system for sweat
Syphilis: A venereal infection transmitted through sexual contact
Tamaka shwasa: bronchial asthma
Tamas: the lower principle of inertia of omni substances
Tamasic: having the nature of tamas
Tapas: self discipline
Tarpaka: form of kapha governing brain and nerves
Teja: premordial element, fire
Tejas: mental fire
Tikshna: form of attribute, penetrating
Trataka: steady gazing
Tridosha: The three bodily organizations -Vata (air). pitta (fire) and Kapha (water) -which govern the psychosomatic activity of daily living
Udakavaha srotas: -system of water metabolism
Udanavata: upward moving type of vata
Upadhatu: offshoots of tissues
Upashama: symptoms getting relieved after treatment
Undhiya: A mixed vegetable preparation favourite among the Gujaratis
Urticaria: A blood reaction of the skin. marked by the transient appearance of smooth. slightly-elevated patches which are redder or paler than the surrounding skin. This condition often is attended by severe itching.
Vamana: medicated emesis
Vasa: fact of the muscles
Vata: the dosha responsible for all movement in the body, biological air humor.
Vata vyadhi: diseases due to aggravation of vatas
Vataj: due to vata
Vayu: another name for vat
Vedas: ancient books of knowledge presenting the spiritual signs of awareness
Vipaka: metabolised part of drug, the after taste of food in the body
Yakrit : Liver
Yashasvati : Type of nadi in Yoga
Yoga: psycho physical practices aimed at self knowledge